Neuroanatomy

This research revolves around investigations of the white and gray matter structures which make up the human cortex and sub-cortex. Linking anatomy to function is of key importance for both surgical outcomes and furthering the base of knowledge.

 

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Anatomy and White Matter Connections of the Lingual Gyrus and Cuneus

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{id=51034050989, createdAt=1626594567534, updatedAt=1626594661095, 1='{type=string, value=Anatomy and white matter connections of the superior parietal lobule}', 2='{type=list, value=[{id=14, name='DTI', order=1}, {id=15, name='Neurosurgery', order=2}]}', 3='{type=string, value=https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/Clinical%20Papers/Anatomy%20and%20white%20matter%20connections%20of%20the%20superior%20parietal%20lobule.pdf}', 4='{type=image, value=Image{width=653, height=651, url='https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/Anatomy%20and%20white%20matter%20connections%20of%20the%20SPL.jpg'}}', 5='{type=string, value=The superior parietal lobule (SPL) is involved in somatosensory and visuospatial integration with additional roles in attention, written language, and working memory. A detailed understanding of the exact location and nature of associated white matter tracts could improve surgical decisions and subsequent postoperative morbidity related to surgery in and around this gyrus}', 7='{type=list, value=[{id=7, name='Neuroanatomy', order=0}]}', 8='{type=number, value=1616112000000}', 9='{type=number, value=0}'}

Anatomy and white matter connections of the superior parietal lobule

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{id=48433498633, createdAt=1622940760456, 1='{type=string, value=The Unique Fiber Anatomy of Middle Temporal Gyrus Default Mode Connectivity}', 2='{type=list, value=[{id=14, name='DTI', order=1}]}', 3='{type=string, value=https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/Clinical%20Papers/The%20Unique%20Fiber%20Anatomy%20of%20Middle%20Temporal%20Gyrus%20Default%20Mode%20Connectivity.pdf}', 4='{type=image, value=Image{width=435, height=320, url='https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/ResearchPageImage_23.jpg'}}', 5='{type=string, value=The middle temporal gyrus (MTG) is understood to play a role in languagerelated tasks such as lexical comprehension and semantic cognition. However, a more specific understanding of its key white matter connections could promote the preservation of these functions during neurosurgery.}', 7='{type=list, value=[{id=7, name='Neuroanatomy', order=0}]}', 8='{type=number, value=1612310400000}', 9='{type=number, value=0}'}

The Unique Fiber Anatomy of Middle Temporal Gyrus Default Mode Connectivity

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{id=48099191196, createdAt=1622357518502, 1='{type=string, value=Parcellation-based modeling of the supplementary premotor area}', 2='{type=list, value=[{id=13, name='fMRI', order=0}, {id=14, name='DTI', order=1}]}', 3='{type=string, value=https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/Clinical%20Papers/Parcellation-based%20modeling%20of%20the%20supplementary%20premotor%20area.pdf}', 4='{type=image, value=Image{width=435, height=320, url='https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/ResearchPageImage_12.jpg'}}', 5='{type=string, value=The supplementary motor area (SMA) plays an important role in the initiation and coordination of internally and externally cued movements. Such movements include reaching, grasping, speaking, and bilateral hand coordination. While many studies discuss the SMA and its relationship to other parts of the motor network, there is minimal literature examining the connectivity of the SMA outside of the motor network. Using regionbased fMRI studies, we built a neuroanatomical model to account for these extra-motor connections. }', 7='{type=list, value=[{id=7, name='Neuroanatomy', order=0}]}', 8='{type=number, value=1610928000000}', 9='{type=number, value=0}', 13='{type=option, value={id=6, name='Website page', order=5}}'}

Parcellation-based modeling of the supplementary premotor area

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{id=48073832741, createdAt=1622258665791, 1='{type=string, value= Parcellation-based anatomic modelling of the default mode network}', 2='{type=list, value=[{id=13, name='fMRI', order=0}, {id=14, name='DTI', order=1}]}', 3='{type=string, value=https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/Clinical%20Papers/DMN%20Neuroanat.pdf}', 4='{type=image, value=Image{width=435, height=320, url='https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/ResearchPageImage_9.jpg'}}', 5='{type=string, value=The default mode network (DMN) is an important mediator of passive states of mind. Multiple cortical areas, such as the anterior cingulate cortex, posterior cingulate cortex, and lateral parietal lobe, have been linked in this processing, though knowledge of network connectivity had limited tractographic specificity}', 7='{type=list, value=[{id=7, name='Neuroanatomy', order=0}]}', 8='{type=number, value=1605398400000}', 9='{type=number, value=0}', 13='{type=option, value={id=5, name='Word', order=4}}'}

Parcellation-based anatomic modelling of the default mode network

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{id=48073832742, createdAt=1622260406544, 1='{type=string, value=Anatomy and white matter connections of the fusiform gyrus}', 2='{type=list, value=[{id=13, name='fMRI', order=0}, {id=14, name='DTI', order=1}]}', 3='{type=string, value=https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/Clinical%20Papers/Fusiform%20Gyrus.pdf}', 4='{type=image, value=Image{width=435, height=320, url='https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/ResearchPageImage_10.jpg'}}', 5='{type=string, value=The fusiform gyrus is understood to be involved in the processing of high-order visual information, particularly related to faces, bodies, and stimuli characterized by high spatial frequencies. A detailed understanding of the exact location and nature of associated white-tracts could signifcantly improve post-operative morbidity related to declining capacity. Through generalized q-sampling imaging (GQI) validated by gross dissection as a direct anatomical method of identifying white matter tracts, we have characterized these connections based on relationships to other well-known structures. }', 7='{type=list, value=[{id=7, name='Neuroanatomy', order=0}]}', 8='{type=number, value=1597017600000}', 9='{type=number, value=0}', 13='{type=option, value={id=5, name='Word', order=4}}'}

Anatomy and white matter connections of the fusiform gyrus

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{id=48006560177, createdAt=1622151600522, 1='{type=string, value=Anatomy and white matter connections of the Superior Frontal Gyrus}', 2='{type=list, value=[{id=13, name='fMRI', order=0}, {id=14, name='DTI', order=1}]}', 3='{type=string, value=https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/Clinical%20Papers/Anatomy%20and%20white%20matter%20connections%20of%20the%20superior%20frontal%20gyrus.pdf}', 4='{type=image, value=Image{width=435, height=320, url='https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/ResearchPageImage_2.jpg'}}', 5='{type=string, value=The superior frontal gyrus (SFG) is an important region implicated in a variety of tasks including motor movement, working memory, resting-state and cognitive control. A detailed understanding of the subcortical white matter of the SFG could improve post-operative morbidity related to surgery around this gyrus. Through DSI-based fiber tractography validated by gross anatomical dissection, we characterized the fiber tracts of the SFG based on their relationships to other well-known neuroanatomic structures. }', 7='{type=list, value=[{id=7, name='Neuroanatomy', order=0}]}', 8='{type=number, value=1574294400000}', 9='{type=number, value=1}', 13='{type=option, value={id=2, name='PDF', order=1}}'}

Anatomy and white matter connections of the Superior Frontal Gyrus

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{id=48006560179, createdAt=1622151738881, 1='{type=string, value=Anatomy and white matter connections of the lateral occipital cortex}', 2='{type=list, value=[{id=13, name='fMRI', order=0}, {id=14, name='DTI', order=1}]}', 3='{type=string, value=https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/Clinical%20Papers/Anatomy%20and%20white%20matter%20connections%20of%20the%20lateral%20occipital%20cortex.pdf}', 4='{type=image, value=Image{width=435, height=320, url='https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/ResearchPageImage_3.jpg'}}', 5='{type=string, value=White matter tracts link diferent regions of the brain, and the known functions of those interconnected regions may ofer clues about the roles that white matter tracts play in information relay. The authors of this report discuss the structure and function of the lateral occipital lobe and how the lateral occipital lobe communicates with other regions via white matter tracts.}', 7='{type=list, value=[{id=7, name='Neuroanatomy', order=0}]}', 8='{type=number, value=1573862400000}', 9='{type=number, value=0}', 13='{type=option, value={id=3, name='Video', order=2}}'}

Anatomy and white matter connections of the lateral occipital cortex

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{id=48027545013, createdAt=1622188816900, 1='{type=string, value=Parcellation-based tractographic modelling of the ventral attention network}', 2='{type=list, value=[{id=13, name='fMRI', order=0}, {id=14, name='DTI', order=1}]}', 3='{type=string, value=https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/Clinical%20Papers/Parcellation-based%20tractographic%20modeling%20of%20the%20ventral%20attention%20network.pdf}', 4='{type=image, value=Image{width=435, height=320, url='https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/ResearchPageImage_4.jpg'}}', 5='{type=string, value=The ventral attention network (VAN) is an important mediator of stimulus-driven attention. Multiple cortical areas, such as the middle and inferior frontal gyri, anterior insula, inferior parietal lobule, and temporo-parietal junction have been linked in this processing. However, knowledge of network connectivity has been devoid of structural specificity.}', 7='{type=list, value=[{id=7, name='Neuroanatomy', order=0}]}', 8='{type=number, value=1571875200000}', 9='{type=number, value=0}', 13='{type=option, value={id=1, name='PPT', order=0}}'}

Parcellation-based tractographic modelling of the ventral attention network

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{id=48065704853, createdAt=1622240294314, 1='{type=string, value=Parcellation-based tractographic modelling of the dorsal attention network}', 2='{type=list, value=[{id=13, name='fMRI', order=0}, {id=14, name='DTI', order=1}]}', 3='{type=string, value=https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/Clinical%20Papers/Parcellation-based_tractographic_modeling_of_the_dorsal%20attention%20network.pdf}', 4='{type=image, value=Image{width=435, height=320, url='https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/ResearchPageImage_5.jpg'}}', 5='{type=string, value=The dorsal attention network (DAN) is an important mediator of goal‐ directed attentional processing. Multiple cortical areas, such as the frontal eye fields, intraparietal sulcus, superior parietal lobule, and visual cortex, have been linked in this processing. However, knowledge of network connectivity has been devoid of structural specificity.}', 7='{type=list, value=[{id=7, name='Neuroanatomy', order=0}]}', 8='{type=number, value=1558569600000}', 9='{type=number, value=0}', 13='{type=option, value={id=2, name='PDF', order=1}}'}

Parcellation-based tractographic modelling of the dorsal attention network

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{id=48065359751, createdAt=1622245976152, 1='{type=string, value=Anatomy and white matter connections of the Inferior Frontal Gyrus}', 2='{type=list, value=[{id=13, name='fMRI', order=0}, {id=14, name='DTI', order=1}]}', 3='{type=string, value=https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/Clinical%20Papers/Anatomy%20and%20White%20Matter%20Connections%20of%20the%20Inferior%20Frontal%20Gyrus.pdf}', 4='{type=image, value=Image{width=435, height=320, url='https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/ResearchPageImage_6.jpg'}}', 5='{type=string, value=The inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) is involved in the evaluation of linguistic, interoceptive, and emotional information. A detailed understanding of its subcortical white matter anatomy could improve postoperative morbidity related to surgery in and around this gyrus. Through GQI-based fiber tracking validated by gross anatomical dissection as ground truth, we characterized the fiber tracts of the IFG based on relationships to other well-known neuroanatomic structures.}', 7='{type=list, value=[{id=7, name='Neuroanatomy', order=0}]}', 8='{type=number, value=1551312000000}', 9='{type=number, value=0}', 13='{type=option, value={id=3, name='Video', order=2}}'}

Anatomy and white matter connections of the Inferior Frontal Gyrus

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{id=48072093355, createdAt=1622253403893, 1='{type=string, value=Anatomy and white matter connections of the Orbitofrontal Gyrus}', 2='{type=list, value=[{id=13, name='fMRI', order=0}, {id=14, name='DTI', order=1}]}', 3='{type=string, value=https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/Clinical%20Papers/Anatomy%20and%20white%20matter%20connections%20of%20the%20orbitofrontal%20gyrus.pdf}', 4='{type=image, value=Image{width=435, height=320, url='https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/ResearchPageImage_7.jpg'}}', 5='{type=string, value=The orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) is understood to have a role in outcome evaluation and risk assessment and is commonly involved with infiltrative tumors. A detailed understanding of the exact location and nature of associated white matter tracts could significantly improve postoperative morbidity related to declining capacity. Through diffusion tensor imaging–based fiber tracking validated by gross anatomical dissection as ground truth, the authors have characterized these connections based on relationships to other well-known structures.}', 7='{type=list, value=[{id=7, name='Neuroanatomy', order=0}]}', 8='{type=number, value=1490227200000}', 9='{type=number, value=0}', 13='{type=option, value={id=4, name='Image', order=3}}'}

Anatomy and white matter connections of the Orbitofrontal Gyrus

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{id=48099191198, createdAt=1622358533941, 1='{type=string, value=White matter connections of the inferior parietal lobule: A study of surgical anatomy}', 2='{type=list, value=[{id=13, name='fMRI', order=0}, {id=14, name='DTI', order=1}, {id=15, name='Neurosurgery', order=2}]}', 3='{type=string, value=https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/Clinical%20Papers/Inferior%20parietal%20lobule.pdf}', 4='{type=image, value=Image{width=435, height=320, url='https://www.o8t.com/hubfs/ResearchPageImage_13.jpg'}}', 5='{type=string, value=Interest in the function of the inferior parietal lobule (IPL) has resulted in increased understanding of its involvement in visuospatial and cognitive functioning, and its role in semantic networks. A basic understanding of the nuanced white-matter anatomy in this region may be useful in improving outcomes when operating in this region of the brain. We sought to derive the surgical relationship between the IPL and underlying major white-matter bundles by characterizing macroscopic connectivity.}', 7='{type=list, value=[{id=7, name='Neuroanatomy', order=0}]}', 8='{type=number, value=1482192000000}', 9='{type=number, value=0}'}

White matter connections of the inferior parietal lobule: A study of surgical anatomy

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